There is an increasing global recognition within governments and partners on the potential linkages
between social protection and disaster risk management (DRM) in responding to and mitigating
shocks. The experience of Ecuador in the use of social protection in shock response is very rich and
innovative and is paving the way to understanding better how to use these systems in emergency
response. Ecuador was hit by an earthquake on 16 April 2016 with a magnitude of 7.8. At least
671 people were killed, more than one million were affected, around 50,000 dwellings were
permanently or severely damaged, and almost 10,0001 displaced people had to be hosted in
official shelters. President Rafael Correa declared a “State of exception” on 17 April.
This case study forms part of a wider Study on Shock-Responsive Social Protection in LAC
commissioned by the WFP and undertaken by Oxford Policy Management (OPM). The objective of
the study is to generate evidence and inform practice for improved emergency preparedness and
response in LAC linked to more flexible national social protection systems. The main research
question for the study is: What factors enable social protection systems to be more
responsive to shocks?
SPANISH VERSION AVAILABLE HERE: http://www.opml.co.uk/sites/default/files/Protecci%C3%B3n-social-reactiv...